Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.548358
Title: Exploring long-lived exotic isomers in deformed atomic nuclei with Schottky mass spectrometry at the GSI storage ring
Author: Reed, M. W.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2716 2253
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
Using the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) coupled to the FRagment Separator (FRS) and SIS-UNILAC accelerators, it has been possible to observe new isomers in neutron-rich isotopes with proton numbers 72 ≤ Z ≤ 77. With the ESR set-up in Schottky Mass Spectrometry (SMS) mode, observation of ‘well' cooled ions with lifetimes greater than 1 s is possible. Masses of the observed ion can be measured with a precision down to ~10 keV. Projectile fragmentation of a 197Au beam on a 9Be target was used to create the nuclei of interest. The measured isomers ranged in energy from ~ 100 keV to ~3.5 MeV with half-lifes ranging from ~1 s to greater than 5 mins. Long-lived four-quasiparticle isomers populated in 184Hf and 186Hf confirm long-standing predictions of a region favouring the formation of high-energy long-lived isomers. Evidence for low-lying isomers in 188Ta and 192Re support the prediction of a region of shape transition from 7-soft prolate ground states to ‘well deformed’ oblate excited states.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.548358  DOI: Not available
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