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Title: Coherent unsteadiness in film cooling
Author: Fawcett, Richard James
ISNI:       0000 0004 2717 3673
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Film cooling is vital for the cooling of the blades and vanes in the high temperature environment of a jet engine high pressure turbine stage. Previous research into film cooling has typically concentrated on its time-mean performance. However, results from other studies upon more simplified geometries, suggest that coherent unsteadiness is likely to also be present in film cooling flows. The research presented in this thesis, therefore, aims to characterise what coherent unsteadiness, if any, is present within film cooling flows. Cylindrical and shaped cooling holes, located upon the pressure surface of a turbine blade within a large scale linear cascade, have been investigated. A blowing ratio range of 0.5 to 2.0 has been investigated, with either a plenum or perpendicular crossflow at the cooling hole inlet. Particle Image Velocimetry, high speed photography and Hot Wire Anemometry have been used to investigate the jet downstream of both cooling holes. The impact of crossflow at the hole inlet upon the flowfield inside both cooling holes has been investigated using Hot Wire Anemometry and a further numerical model solved by applying TBLOCK. The results presented in the current thesis, show the existence of two coherent unsteady structures in the jet downstream of both the cylindrical and the shaped holes. These structures are called shear layer vortices and hairpin vortices, and their formation is dependent on the velocity difference across the jet shear layer. Inside the cooling hole coherent hairpin vortices also appear to occur, with their formation dependent on the direction and magnitude of the crossflow at the hole inlet. The coherent unsteadiness presented here is shown for the first time for film cooling flows, and recommendations to build on the current study, in what is potentially an interesting research area, are made at the end of this thesis.
Supervisor: Wheeler, Andrew P. S. ; He, Li Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; Rolls-Royce plc
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Aero engines ; Aerodynamics and heat transfer ; Film Cooling ; Turbomachinery ; Coherent Unsteadiness