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Title: Regulation of TGFβ-activated-kinase 1 (TAK1) in nuclear factor-κB and tumour necrosis factor/Eiger signalling in Drosophila melanogaster
Author: Fernando, Merennege Dilan Anush
ISNI:       0000 0004 2717 3411
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Drosophila TGFbeta-Activating-Kinase 1 (dTAK1) is an essential component of both the Immune Deficiency (IMD) innate immune and TNF/Eiger apoptotic cascades. The IMD and JNK pathways bifurcate at the level of dTAK1. Hence, elucidating the regulatory mechanism of dTAK1 is pertinent to understanding the regulation of both innate immunity and apoptosis. In this study, Trabid was identified as a novel negative regulator of the Drosophila IMD pathway. Trabid interacted with dTAK1 and decreased K63-linked ubiquitination, thereby reducing immune signalling. Three tandem Npl4 Zinc Fingers (NZF) and C518 were required for Trabid activity. Lysines 142 & 156 were identified as the K63 Ub acceptor sites of dTAK1, required for K63-linked ubiquitination and signalling. Also, results show Lys 156 functioned as the K48 Ub acceptor site. Further, the ZF domain of TAK1-associated Binding Protein 2 (dTAB2) was important in modulating dTAK1 K63-linked ubiquitination and thereby the immune signal. These results indicate an elaborate and multi-tiered mechanism for regulating dTAK1 activity and modulating the immune signal. Further, Ariadne-2 (Ari-2) was identified as a novel component of the Drosophila TNF/Eiger pathway which functioned at the level of dTAK1. Results indicate that Ari-2 is essential for normal development and longevity. It enhances the apoptotic signal when concomitantly over-expressed with Eiger. Further, Ari-2 interacts with dTAK1, dTAB2 and dTRAF2 which are all implicated in TNF/Eiger signalling. Thus, evidence supports the hypothesis that Ari-2 functions as an adaptor, involved in assembling a distinct signalling complex which transduces the apoptotic signal without activating immunity.
Supervisor: Ligoxygakis, Petros Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biochemistry ; Immunochemistry ; innate immunity ; apoptosis