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Title: Machine learning in multi-frame image super-resolution
Author: Pickup, Lyndsey C.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2716 9236
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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Multi-frame image super-resolution is a procedure which takes several noisy low-resolution images of the same scene, acquired under different conditions, and processes them together to synthesize one or more high-quality super-resolution images, with higher spatial frequency, and less noise and image blur than any of the original images. The inputs can take the form of medical images, surveillance footage, digital video, satellite terrain imagery, or images from many other sources. This thesis focuses on Bayesian methods for multi-frame super-resolution, which use a prior distribution over the super-resolution image. The goal is to produce outputs which are as accurate as possible, and this is achieved through three novel super-resolution schemes presented in this thesis. Previous approaches obtained the super-resolution estimate by first computing and fixing the imaging parameters (such as image registration), and then computing the super-resolution image with this registration. In the first of the approaches taken here, superior results are obtained by optimizing over both the registrations and image pixels, creating a complete simultaneous algorithm. Additionally, parameters for the prior distribution are learnt automatically from data, rather than being set by trial and error. In the second approach, uncertainty in the values of the imaging parameters is dealt with by marginalization. In a previous Bayesian image super-resolution approach, the marginalization was over the super-resolution image, necessitating the use of an unfavorable image prior. By integrating over the imaging parameters rather than the image, the novel method presented here allows for more realistic prior distributions, and also reduces the dimension of the integral considerably, removing the main computational bottleneck of the other algorithm. Finally, a domain-specific image prior, based upon patches sampled from other images, is presented. For certain types of super-resolution problems where it is applicable, this sample-based prior gives a significant improvement in the super-resolution image quality.
Supervisor: Zisserman, Andrew ; Roberts, Stephen Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Mathematical modeling (engineering) ; Information engineering ; Image understanding ; Image ; super-resolution ; machine learing