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Title: USA apparel manufacturing and domestic sourcing
Author: Harris, Carol Elizabeth
ISNI:       0000 0004 2716 0581
Awarding Body: The Manchester Metropolitan University
Current Institution: Manchester Metropolitan University
Date of Award: 2012
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The purpose of this study was to identify garment categories within the USA that had a low import figure. The comparison years were 1993 and 2002. The research highlighted trends in percentage change in imports for the USA. The garment categories highlighted were investigated to assess if there were any common factors relating to the relative survival of the garments and their ability to resist imports and maintain a domestic presence. Both qualitative and quantitative research methodology was utilized in this study. The quantitative research data was gathered with the aid of fifty questionnaires which were sent to companies that produced garments that showed a low percentage change in imports and were produced domestically. Thirty three companies responded, giving a response rate of 66%. The qualitative research data consisted of eighteen personal interviews, twenty companies were initially contacted. Finally five case studies were conducted. The results from the questionnaires highlighted that most of the companies contacted produced domestically for quality and quick response purposes. The interviews revealed that an ability to control timely deliveries of goods, small production runs and to have control over the production process were the main reasons for using domestic production. Finally the five case studies highlighted that the use of balanced manufacturing and niche market products were some of the main reasons why the companies were able to produce garments domestically. The models used as a framework for the analysis did not explain fully why some companies were able to remain competitive and use domestic production. A new model, the 'Domestic and Balanced Sourcing Model' was created to help explain the reasons why some garments are maintaining a domestic presence more than others and how certain companies are able to remain competitive in today's global market place.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available