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Title: Modelling and experimental investigation of eddy current distribution for angular defect characterisation
Author: Zainal Abidin, Ilham Mukriz
ISNI:       0000 0004 2711 0357
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2011
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Current industrial requirements for nondestructive testing demand defect quantification rather than simple defect detection. This is not a simple task as defects in components, such as cracks, rarely have a simple geometrical shape. Therefore, the influence of defect shape and orientation and its effect on the inspection results needs to be addressed to avoid misinterpretation of the response signals and for a quantitative characterisation of defects. Finite element method (FEM) numerical simulations for eddy current non-destructive evaluation (ECNDE) can provide information on how the induced eddy current interacts with defects and the effect of defect shape and geometry towards the results. Through the analysis of the simulation results, links can be established between the measurements and information relating to the defect, such as 3-D shape, size and location, which facilitates not only forward problem but also inverse modelling involving experimental system specification and configuration; and pattern recognition for 3-D defect information. This work provides a study of the characterisation of angular defects through the technique of visualisation and mapping of magnetic field distribution for pulsed eddy current (PEC) and temperature distribution for PEC thermography. 3-D FEM simulations are utilised to provide the guidelines for experimental designs and specifications; understanding of the underlying physics surrounding a particular defect; and means for features extraction from the acquired responses. Through the study, defect Quantitative Non-destructive Evaluation (QNDE) has been established using the features extracted from the mapping by taking into consideration the angular characteristic of defect in the inspection results. Experimental investigations are then performed to verify the simulation results and the feasibility of the proposed techniques and extracted features to be used in acquiring information about the angular defect. The work concludes that the technique of mapping the resultant distribution from the interaction of eddy currents and defects has provided the vital information needed for defect characterisation. Features extracted from the mapping via numerical investigations have provided the means for the QNDE of angular defects. The work shows that the technique and features introduced has provided an alternative way for defect characterisation and QNDE, which also can be extended its application to other industrial components and research field.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available