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Title: Home based formulation of personalised medicines by means of inkjet printing technique
Author: Scoutaris, Nikolaos
ISNI:       0000 0004 2716 1592
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2011
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The potential application of inkjet printing technology to produce precisely dosage care is demonstrated in this thesis. Inkjet printing technology as it offers the opportunity to deliver quantities with high accuracy can produce medicines tailored for each patient. The viability of this method was first demonstrated by using Felodipine as an active pharmaceutical ingredient polyvinyl pirrolidone (PVP) as an excipient. Felodipine is an antihypertensive drug which is poorly soluble in water and PVP is a highly soluble polymer commonly used to improve drugs' bioavailability. These were dissolved at various ratios in a mixture of ethanol and DMSO (95/5). Using a piezoelectric driven dispenser, picolitre size droplets of the solutions were dispensed onto suitable hydrophobic substrates. The dried products were characterized using AFM, localized nano-thermal analysis and high resolution vibrational spectroscopy (ATR-IR and Raman). Results indicate intimate mixing of the micro-dot API and excipient mixtures. Specifically, ATR-IR confirmed the interaction of felodipine and PVP by means of hydrogen bonding. Nanothermal analysis indicates a single glass transition point which is lowered as the API concentration increases. Finally, confocal Raman microscopy mapping on single droplets allows the visualization of the homogeneous distribution of the drug. Also, capozide has been used as a model therapeutic system which could be produced rapidly as a viable formulation using the inkjet printing technology. Capozide consists of captopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and hydrochlorothiazide, a thiazide diuretic drug, in varying ratios. These active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) were dissolved in appropriate solvents and using a piezoelectric driven dispenser and pipetting, picolitre and microlitre size droplets respectively were deposited onto hydrophobic coated glass slides. Captopril and PLGA were dissolved in chloroform, ethanol and DMSO (75/18/7). Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) and PLGA were dissolved in acetone and DMSO (93/7). The dried products where characterised using AFM and high resolution Raman microscopy. The results showed that both capropril and HCT are phase separated with the PLGA. Also, the dissolution profiles of the final products were measured using HPLC where it has been shown that PLGA can control the release of the drug from the formulation. These results are a promising first step to produce pharmaceutical by means of inkjet printing.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RS Pharmacy and materia medica