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Title: Mechanism of uptake of the catecholic (7)-α-formamido cephalosporin BRL 41897A by Klebsiella pneumoniae
Author: Kuswandi, Kus
ISNI:       0000 0004 2711 4796
Awarding Body: University of Aston in Birmingham
Current Institution: Aston University
Date of Award: 1996
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In this thesis mutants of K. pneumoniae resistant to BRL 41897A were isolated using TnphoA mutagenesis and used to study the mechanism of uptake of BRL 41897A by K. pneumoniae. The activity of BRL 41897A towards the parent strain (M10) was increased in iron depleted media, whereas no significant differences in the resistant (KSL) mutants were observed. Three mutants (KSL19, KSL38and KSL59) produced decreased amounts of certain iron-regulated outer membrane proteins. The uptake of 55Fe-BRL 41897A by M10 in iron-deficient medium was higher than in iron-rich medium. This result indicated the involvement of an iron transport system in the uptake of BRL 41897A by K. pneumoniae. Uptake by the KSL mutants in iron-deficient culture was higher than that by M10. This result, supported by analysis of outer membrane and periplasmic proteins of the KSL mutants, indicates that loss of one outer membrane protein can be compensated by over-expression of other outer membrane and/or periplasmic proteins. However, the increased uptake of BRL 41897A by the KSL mutants did not reflect increased activity towards these strains, indicating that there are defects in the transport of BRL 41897A resulting in failure to reach the penicillin binding protein target sites in the cytoplasmic membrane. Southern blotting of chromosomal digests and sequencing in one mutant (KSL19) showed that only one copy of TnphoA was inserted into its chromosome. A putative TnphoA inserted gene in KSL19, designated kslA, carrying a signal sequence was identified. Transformation of a fragment containing the kslA gene into KSL19 cells restored the sensitivity to BRL 41897A to that of the parent strain.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Pharmacology