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Title: Traditional Thai historiography and its nineteenth century decline
Author: Pongsripian, W.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2712 4978
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 1984
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This is a study of traditional Thai historiography and its=nineteenth-century decline. It divides into two main parts. Part One consists of two'chapters, and deals with traditional Thai historiography centring on the'tamnän and the phongsawadän, which are the chief sources'-of early Thai history. With regard to tamnä. n, "religious", histories, it concentrates on the'works of the old Län-Nä Thai kingdom (Cl3th-1558). Italso points out the intimate"relationship between Buddhist myths and local history, and the complexities of tamnän historiography. In doing this, it identifies the dominant themes from the Mahävamsa and the influences of Burman/Mgn-derived traditions in the northern Thai chronicles. In his assesment, the writer expresses his doubt about their historical value. Phongsäwadän historiography is the subject of Chapter Two.. Secular in nature, the phongsäwadän, "dynastic", histories, were compiled to bolster the image of the Siamese kings in the light of a Hindu-Buddhist "God-King" cult. It is suggested that phongsäwadän histories, compiled during the Ayutthaya period (c. 1351-1767), are generally more reliable than the post- Ayutthaya recensions. In connection with this evaluation, the writer supports his claim by a detailed analysis of the narrative style and chronological patterns of all the known phongsäwadän concerning the Ayutthaya period. Part Two of the thesis is devoted to discussion of the decline of traditional Thai scholarship in general, and traditional Thai historiography in particular. It draws heavily on contemporary literary sources to show that during the 1830xa process of change in the Siamese world-view and perception of the past had already taken place as a result of Siamese acceptance of Western ideas. The intellectual impact of the West and the constant threat of Western imperialism in the second half of the 19th century helped to create a national consciousness amongst the-Thai, and led to the creation of a Thai nation-state. It was against this background that national historiography was conceived, and traditional historiography became a-thing of, the past
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available