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Title: The Book of Job in Middle English literature (1100-1500)
Author: Allen, M. J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2706 9438
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1970
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This dissertation examines references to the Book of Job by Middle Englisb authors, shows the ways 1n which they amploy the ,tory or quotations from it, and attempts to account for the consistency with which they depart from their source. Middle English authors abridge the Book of Job considerably, unifying it and smoothing away much of its complexity. While they give evidence o! uneasiness with their source they exercise considerable ingenuity in adapting it to their purposes. They retain some of the original but frequently depart from the facts and even from the spirit and general tenor of the book. They alter events, misquote the text or quote it in a manner or context wbich alters its significance. and augment it with material which does not occur in it. They select only a f~1 of Job's words for quotation and often attribute to him speeches uttered in the original by his friends who are h1s opponents in the discussion. The principal reason for these variations Is the Book of Job itself, part of Icripture, yet containing palsage. repugnant to orthodox religious sensibilities. The Church Fathers. legend and liturgy are the main source. of the variations in the literature. Exegetes give allegorical interpretations which replace unaatis!actory literal meanings or associate particular features of dogma with certain passages. Legends supply the notion of the patience of Job and give additional evidence of hi' saintlines$. Because some portions of the book are used 1n a liturgical effice, adjacent antiphons come to be regarded as from Job. ~vin9 to its nature and to the influences brought to bear on it before it was used in Itlddle English. there 1s a considerable difference between the Book of Job as it appears 1n the Blble and as it 1$ reproduced 1n ~~ddle English literature.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available