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Title: Fault detection and isolation for linear dynamic systems
Author: Zhang, Ze
ISNI:       0000 0004 2706 8590
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
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As modern control systems and engineering processes become increasingly more complex and integrated, the consequences of system failures and faults can be disastrous environmentally and economically. This thesis considers the fault detection and isolation (FDI) problem for linear time-invariant (LTI) systems subject to faults, disturbances and model uncertainties. Firstly, a novel on-line approach to the robust FDI problem for linear discrete-time systems is proposed by using input/output measurement analysis over a finite estimation horizon. Upper and lower bounds on the fault signal are computed at each sampling instant so that a fault is detected and isolated when its upper bound is smaller than zero or its lower bound is larger than zero. Moreover, a subsequent-state-estimation technique, together with an estimation horizon update procedure are given to allow the on-line FDI process to be repeated in a moving horizon scheme. Secondly, an optimal solution to theH−/H∞ fault detection (FD) problem is given for linear time-invariant systems subject to faults, disturbances and model uncertainties by using an observer-based approach. A new performance index is developed to capture both fault detection and disturbance rejection requirements which is particularly suitable for handling model uncertainties. A class of optimal solutions to the problem is then given in the form of simple linear matrix inequalities (LMI) with two degrees of freedom. By appropriately choosing these degrees of freedom, fault isolation can also be achieved. Thirdly, in order to improve the FD performance and remove restrictive rank assumptions, routinely made in the literature, observer-based FD problems are investigated at a single frequency and over a finite frequency range, respectively. An optimal solution is derived such that, at a given frequency, the static observer generates a residual signal which minimizes the sensitivity of the residual to disturbances while maintaining a minimum level of sensitivity to faults. Then, an initial investigation is carried out for the FD problem over a finite frequency range. A solution is derived in the form of an LMI optimization by using the generalized KYP lemma followed by a linearization procedure. Conditions under which this solution is optimal are also derived. Fully worked out numerical examples, mostly from the literature, are given to illustrate the effectiveness of all the proposed schemes.
Supervisor: Jaimoukha, Imad Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral