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Title: Superior pinning properties in nano-engineered YBa2Cu3O7-δ
Author: Ercolano, Giorgio
ISNI:       0000 0004 2710 0204
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2011
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Large electrical current transport in the absence of energy losses is thekey factor in commercial applications of high temperature superconductors. This thesis demonstrates an easy and inexpensive bottom-uptechnique to produce self assembled nanorods, segmented nanorodsas well as nanoparticles in YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films grown by pulsedlaser deposition. The structural and morphological characteristic ofthe pinning landscapes produced are investigated and correlated totheir effects on the superconducting properties of the thin films. In particular two pinning landscapes are investigated: Ba2YNbO6nanorods are grown in YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films using a Ba2YNbO6doped YBa2Cu3O7-δ pulsed laser deposition targets andBa2(Y/Gd)(Nb/Ta)O6 segmented nanorods together with (Y/Gd)2O3nanoparticles are grown in (Y/Gd)Ba2Cu3O7-δ thin films using aBa2YNbO6 + Gd3TaO7 doped YBa2Cu3O7-δ pulsed laser depositiontargets. The Ba2YNbO6 + YBa2Cu3O7-δ is deeply characterised and the effectsof the deposition parameters are analysed. Ba2YNbO6 is demonstratedto be an interesting novel pinning addition capable to increasethe critical current and to reduce the YBa2Cu3O7-δ critical currentsangular dependencies anisotropy. The Ba2YNbO6 + Gd3TaO7 + YBa2Cu3O7-δ is found to produce anew complex pinning landscape extremely effective. At high fieldsthe synergetic combination of the different defects typology is shownto generate an interesting new feature in the critical current angulardependencies. Chapter 1 is an introduction to superconductivity, the fundamentals ofthe field are briefly presented. In chapter 2 the discussion in focused onpinning in high temperature superconductors. Cuprates and in particularYBa2Cu3O7-δ are presented. The pinning phenomenon andthe practical pinning engineering in thin films is also discussed in thischapter. Chapter 3 describes the thin films preparation methods andthe characterisation techniques used in the research work. Chapter 4and 5 are focused on the Ba2YNbO6 doped YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films. Chapter 4 is an introduction to Ba2YNbO6 doped YBa2Cu3O7-δ, thepreliminary results obtained on Ba2YNbO6 doped YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films are shown in this chapter. The crystalline structure, the morphologyand the superconducting properties of thin films depositedadopting different deposition parameters are analysed and discussedin chapter 5. In chapter 6 the new complex pinning landscape ofBa2(Y/Gd)(Nb/Ta)O6 and (Y/Gd)2O3 in (Y/Gd)Ba2Cu3O7-δ is presented. Concluding remarks on the research described in the workends the thesis in a brief final chapter 7.
Supervisor: Driscoll, Judith Sponsor: NESPA, Nano-Engineered Superconductors for Power Application, a framework of the Marie Curie Research Training Network, funded within the EUs 6th framework program
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: YBCO ; Pinning ; HTS ; Superconductivity