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Title: Tissue engineering a ligamentous construct
Author: Mehrban, Nazia
ISNI:       0000 0004 2709 8853
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2011
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Tendon and ligament damage causes extreme pain and decreased joint functionality. Current repair methods cannot restore original joint biomechanics nor promote regeneration of native tissue. Recent advances in tendon and ligament repair have involved engineering tissue using cell-seeded scaffolds. Self-aligned cellular structures, similar to those in ligaments and tendons, have been successfully formed, albeit with weak attachment between construct and bone. Calcium phosphates form an intimate bond with both soft and hard tissues and have successfully been used in tissue engineering bone, whilst hydrogels have often been used as cellular scaffolds. This thesis explores agarose, gelatin, carrageenan and fibrin hydrogels as potential soft tissue scaffolds. Fibrin gel exhibited high cellular compatibility with highest metabolic activity on day 14. Although the cellular gel contracted significantly, it was found that the dry weight remained stable in both the acellular and cellular forms. 3D powder printed calcium phosphate scaffolds remained structurally stable after immersion in cell culture media with immersion in protein-rich sera promoting tenocyte attachment. Bracket designs were developed to enhance grip of the cell-seeded fibrin. Ligament constructs were selfsupporting and exhibited structural characteristics similar to native connective tissue. Tenocyte density peaked on day 14, with added L-proline and ascorbic acid inducing a constant level of glycosaminoglycans and 7.4 ± 1.5 % w/w collagen. This research may significantly enhance the clinical application of tissue engineered ligaments and tendons.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QM Human anatomy ; QP Physiology ; RC1200 Sports Medicine ; TP Chemical technology