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Title: A thermogravimetric study of oxygen diffusion in YBa2Cu3O7-d
Author: Vazquez-Navarro, Maria Dolores
ISNI:       0000 0004 2707 4536
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1998
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YBa2Cu3O7-d (YBCO) was one of the first high temperature superconductors discovered, and its superconducting properties are strongly dependent on oxygen stoichiometry. A large amount of work has been done on the variation of stoichiometry and its effect on the superconducting properties of the material. However, in spite of all the work done, the results published in the literature are very scattered. This thesis presents a thermogravimetric study of oxygen diffusion in YBCO under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions and tries to reconcile the data available based on the results obtained and taking into account the factors that may have affected the data presented by other groups, such as the effects of the microstructure and the different diffusion coefficients measured with the techniques used. An Arrhenius expression for the chemical diffusion of oxygen has been calculated from the analysis of isothermal oxygenation data, and it has been corroborated by a study of the nonisothermal experiments carried out. This work includes the development of a macroscopic model for oxygen diffusion in YBCO based on the diffusion coefficient calculated from experimental data. The model is used to simulate for the first time oxygenations under both isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The study of non-isothermal oxygenations has led directly to the design of novel cooling procedures that can be introduced at the end of the processing stage of YBCO samples, producing highly oxygenated specimens in shorter times than for conventional isothermal and ramped oxygenation procedures. The final section of this dissertation presents a study of the Direct Current Zoning effect. The generation of a mobile hot zone in a polycrystalline YBCO bar when passing a current across it is directly linked to the diffusion of oxygen ions in the material. A mechanism for the motion of the zone along the sample has been suggested. A computer model has been developed to reproduce this process taking into account the motion of ions due to chemical diffusion and the potential difference established. The results from this model have corroborated the mechanism suggested and give for the first time the opportunity to study this phenomenon in more detail.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: oxygen diffusion ; YBCO ; superconductivity ; thermogravimetric