Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Women, peace and security : implementing Security Council Resolution 1325 in peace agreements
Author: Aroussi, Sahla
ISNI:       0000 0004 2706 4784
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Peace agreements are gendered and typically marginalise women and their concerns. The silence on gender issues in peace agreements often leads to the exclusion of women from post-conflict reconstruction and entrenches gender discrimination. A decade ago, in October 2000, the UN adopted Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. The Resolution called for the inclusion of a gender perspective in all peace activities including in peace agreements. This thesis critically assesses the implementation of Resolution 1325 in peace agreements. It does this by analysing 112 agreements signed between October 2000 and the end of December 2008. The research employs content analysis techniques as the method to study the texts of the selected agreements and particularly to establish the nature and number of provisions on gender issues. The results of the research indicate that since the adoption of Resolution 1325, references to women in peace agreements are increasing. In particular, there has been a focus in peace agreements on addressing women‘s political participation and the issue of sexual violence. However, the results of the analysis also revealed that the objective of mainstreaming a gender perspective has not been achieved. The reality remains that most of the peace agreements studied in the period under review did not pay any attention to women and gender issues. The research also conducted in-depth interviews with an elite group of experts from the field of peacemaking, to obtain a deeper understanding of the dynamics of gender mainstreaming in peace agreements from a practitioner perspective and uncover some of the reasons behind the inadequate implementation of Resolution 1325. The interview data revealed that in many cases the failure to implement Resolution 1325 in viii peace agreements can be related to the peace mediation process including the absence of clear guidelines to mediators and the mediators‘ lack of gender awareness and gender expertise. The thesis concludes by identifying key recommendations for the successful implementation of Resolution 1325 in peace agreements.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available