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Title: Identification of embryo implantation-related proteins
Author: Arianmanesh, Mitra
ISNI:       0000 0004 2704 8872
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2010
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Identification of embryo implantation-related proteins Mitra Arianmanesh Embryo implantation is a complex process involving an active dialogue between the endometrium and embryo. Tightly controlled communication between the hypothalamus, pituitary, corpus luteum (CL), endometrium and embryo is essential for implantation. Unravelling molecules involved in embryo implantation is essential since implantation failure is one of the main causes of female infertility. Therefore, identification of molecular events during embryo implantation may result in enhancing implantation rates in both natural and assisted reproductive cycles, improving contraceptive design and reducing the rate of multiple pregnancies following embryo transfer in IVF cycles. Thus, in this study, sheep was used as an animal model in order to study endometrial, corpus luteal and plasma proteome changes during embryo implantation and early pregnancy. Endometrium, CLs and plasma were harvested from cyclic ewes on days 12 and 16 of the oestrous cycle (n=4 ewes/group) and from pregnant ewes on days 12, 16 and 20 of pregnancy (n=4 ewes/group). Furthermore, ovine endometrium were collected from pregnant and non-pregnant horns on days 16 (n=4) and 20 (n=4) of pregnancy to compare endometrial protein profiles of the gravid horn (in the presence of the conceptus) with the non-gravid horn (in the absence of the conceptus) in response to the conceptus to elucidate local embryo-endometrial signalling. 2DE gel, LC-MS/MS, Western blot, IHC and qRT-PCR were employed to quantify implantation processes. This study has identified proteins in the CL and endometrium with involvement in biological pathways that are fundamental for embryo implantation and gestation. In addition, it was found that the implanting embryo is capable of regulating the expression of endometrial proteins to establish an ideal environment for its implantation and establishment of pregnancy. These findings provide an addition to the field and a solid base for targeted studies to improve our understanding of implantation and its regulation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Embryo transplantation