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Title: E-governments implementability in developing context : a phased model approach
Author: Rachimzad, Hossein
ISNI:       0000 0004 2706 942X
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2010
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Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has brought new solutions to emerging concepts and circumstances such as globalization, socio-economic development and growth, social structural changes and management issues, and the increasingly complex and multifaceted problems rising as the result of their intersection. Such clusters of solutions have emerged under headings such as e-government and egovernance. These solutions however have faced difficulties in answering the questions and resolving the problems due to many influential factors including a multi-linguistic and multidisciplinary sphere of theoretical and practical arguments. In this regard new institutionalization theory provides an integrated multi-dimensional instrument to study and get a better perspective of the issues. New-institutionalization factors such path dependency perspective have been employed in this research seeking answer to the question of: how egovernment can be implemented in developing countries, where institutional structure and circumstances are not prepared. The aim of this research was to examine, conceptualize and verify a model for implementing e-government, as a modern means into underdeveloped context, using the new-institutionalism theory. The research was conducted using a mixed research method including: literature analysis; secondary data based quantitative analysis to classify and compare institutionalization and e-government characteristics of 138 countries between 1995-2005; and qualitative method of multiple case studies using interviews with specialists, workshops and questionnaires in Iran, and also an in-depth case study. The study led to the development and proposition of a practical scenario for implementing e-government in developing countries. The study showed that presence of institutions is a prerequisite for achieving successful implementation of e-governrnent, a factor similarly found for economic development by economists. The study recommended, based on theoretical induction supported by empirical evidence that in the absence of required institutions and with typical incapability of the state in developing world to produce or compensate them solutions exist and should be sought in going through a phased approach (called minimal e-government). The idea is that a candidate organization with certain institutional conditions and characteristics could undertake the role of achieving full potential e-governmcnt, instead of the central government, and follow it to achieve e-governance. The organization, which is also supposed to have the ability to diffuse the idea and practice to other public organizations as well as non-governmental through networking, will lead this way with the support from the state towards a more reliable achievement of e-governance at state level. The proposed theory was examined through a study of six cases of semi-governmental organizations in Iran. The study of the cases, which were found at different levels of preparedness in terms of being a role model and modernized, led to identification of a best candidate which was then verified through an in-depth study. The study is expected to contribute to a realistic understanding of e-government implementation in developing countries and the process of decision making by policy makers, public administration executives and international governance organizations. The message is that e-governrnent and eventually e-governance can be implemented in a developing context even in the absence of state's intention or capability, and be promoted as a context related solution and as a mediator for state's development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available