Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Graphical modelling of multivariate time series
Author: Chen, Chloe Chen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2709 8140
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This thesis mainly works on the parametric graphical modelling of multivariate time series. The idea of graphical model is that each missing edge in the graph corresponds to a zero partial coherence between a pair of component processes. A vector autoregressive process (VAR) together with its associated partial correlation graph defines a graphical interaction (GI) model. The current estimation methodologies are few and lacking of details when fitting GI models. Given a realization of the VAR process, we seek to determine its graph via the GI model; we proceed by assuming each possible graph and a range of possible autoregressive orders, carrying out the estimation, and then using model-selection criteria AIC and/or BIC to select amongst the graphs and orders. We firstly consider a purely time domain approach by maximizing the conditional maximum likelihood function with zero constraints; this non-convex problem is made convex by a ‘relaxation’ step, and solved via convex optimization. The solution is exact with high probability (and would be always exact if a certain covariance matrix was block-Toeplitz). Alternatively we look at an iterative algorithm switching between time and frequency domains. It updates the spectral estimates using equations that incorporate information from the graph, and then solving the multivariate Yule-Walker equations to estimate the VAR process parameters. We show that both methods work very well on simulated data from GI models. The methods are then applied on real EEG data recorded from Schizophrenia patients, who suffer from abnormalities of brain connectivity. Though the pretreatment has been carried out to remove improper information, the raw methods do not provide any interpretive results. Some essential modification is made in the iterative algorithm by spectral up-weighting which solves the instability problem of spectral inversion efficiently. Equivalently in convex optimization method, adding noise seems also to work but interpretation of eigenvalues (small/large) is less clear. Both methods essentially delivered the same results via GI models; encouragingly the results are consistent from a completely different method based on nonparametric/multiple hypothesis testing.
Supervisor: Walden, Andrew Sponsor: Overseas Research Students Awards Scheme (ORSAS)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral