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Title: Green belts and urban growth in London, Tokyo and Seoul metropolitan regions
Author: Bae, Cheong
ISNI:       0000 0004 2709 5302
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 1991
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Land available for the growth of Seoul, capital city of South Korea, has been severely limited by the designation of a Green Belt in 1972. Although the area of undeveloped land inside the Green Belt at that time seemed more than adequate, by 1985 Seoul's urban area had doubled and by the end of the 1980s the city faced a land crisis. The research for this thesis was therefore based on the hypothesis that Release of some of the Green Belt is an essential and practicable way to meet land demand for urban growth in Seoul. To examine the hypothesis, a literature review on London's, Tokyo's and Seoul's Green Belts was carried out and an empirical, map-based study was undertaken to ascertain and compare the area and pattern of post-war urban growth in these metropolitan regions. Based on this data the study then contrasted the effects on urban growth of the absolutely controlled Green Belt around Seoul and the relatively strict Belt around London with the situation around Tokyo where the proposed Green Belt policies were never implemented. The conclusions drawn from these studies of urban growth trends and Green Belt policies were that Seoul Region will need an additional urban area of around 400 km2 between 1985 and 2000 and that release of Seoul's Green Belt, even partially, to accommodate this large land demand would not be wise. The hypothesis was therefore considered to be incorrect. Instead it is suggested that large urban areas should be developed beyond the Green Belt. Modifications to Unwin's dynamic idea of unlimited development areas on the background of open space, which was embodied in the 1929 Greater London Regional Planning Report and developed in the 1939 Tokyo Green Area Plan, could provide the model and should be considered as a way forward for Seoul's growth.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available