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Title: Modelling and analysis of cortico-hippocampal interactions and dynamics during sleep and anaesthesia
Author: Taxidis, Ioannis
ISNI:       0000 0004 2709 4684
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2011
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The standard memory consolidation model assumes that new memories are temporarily stored in the hippocampus and later transferred to the neocortex, during deep sleep, for long-term storage, signifying the importance of studying functional and structural cortico-hippocampal interactions. Our work offers a thorough analysis on such interactions between neocortex and hippocampus, along with a detailed study of their intrinsic dynamics, from two complementary perspectives: statistical data analysis and computational modelling. The first part of this study reviews mathematical tools for assessing directional interactions in multivariate time series. We focus on the notion of Granger Causality and the related measure of generalised Partial Directed Coherence (gPDC) which we then apply, through a custom built numerical package, to electrophysiological data from the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus of anaesthetized rats. Our gPDC analysis reveals a clear lateral-to-medial hippocampus connectivity and suggests a reciprocal information flow between mPFC and hippocampus, altered during cortical activity. The second part deals with modelling sleep-related intrinsic rhythmic dynamics of the two areas, and examining their coupling. We first reproduce a computational model of the cortical slow oscillation, a periodic alteration between activated (UP) states and neuronal silence. We then develop a new spiking network model of hippocampal areas CA3 and CA1, reproducing many of their intrinsic dynamics and exhibiting sharp wave-ripple complexes, suggesting a novel mechanism for their generation based on CA1 interneuronal activity and recurrent inhibition. We finally couple the two models to study interactions between the slow oscillation and hippocampal activity. Our simulations propose a dependence of the correlation between UP states and hippocampal spiking on the excitation-to-inhibition ratio induced by the mossy fibre input to CA3 and by a combination of the Schaffer collateral and temporoammonic input to CA1. These inputs are shown to affect reported correlations between UP states and ripples.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA276 Mathematical statistics ; QP351 Neurophysiology and neuropsychology