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Title: The phonetics of modern (Israeli) Hebrew
Author: Marbé, Alan Joseph
ISNI:       0000 0004 2708 7943
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1971
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It is the purpose of the present work to provide a description of the phonetics of Modern (Israeli) Hebrew. This it proceeds to do in five parts, leading (after an introduction) from the syllable and its segments, through the foot and the syntagm to connected discourse. The first part, an introduction, consists of two chapters; of these, the first gives a historical account of the revival of Hebrew and traces some of the socio-linguistic aspects connected with the * pronunciation of M.I.H. - more particularly outlining the major points distinguishing the two main dialectal varieties, Sabra Hebrew and Oriental Hebrew, and their various styles (of which this work will deal in particular with the Colloquial Style of Sabra Hebrew). The second chapter outlines the basic theory behind the description, as well as the methods by which it is to be conducted Part Two is in three chapters. The first of these attempts a phonological formulation of the M.I.H. syllable-structure, the second lists and describes the vowels, and the third does the same for the consonants and their phono-tactic patterning. The diagrams are based on palatograms and kymograms of M.I.H. citation-form speech, for which the author served as informant (the photographs of these materials are contained in Appendix iii). Statistical frequency-figures are also listed for the segments, and reference is made to their acoustic features. The third part deals with the foot, and is in two chapters, the first of which describes word-accent (an abstract potentiality) and the second rhythmical stress (a concrete realisation). A theoretical model is here developed - and continued in parts four and five - for the description of M.I.H. intonation-patterns. Part Four, describing the features of the syntagm, contains tluo chapters, the first of which lists and describes the intonationpatterns of [fl.I.H. according to a system of binary features, and the second of u/hich deals with segmental sound-changes in connected speech. The corpus of materials for this part (as well as for the one preceding and the one following it) consists of continuous Hebrew speech and -I'Z ii a * readings of The North Wind and the Sun, as well as modern Hebrew poetry, totalling some 90 minutes, as recorded by various native speakers of ffl.I.H. This material is transcribed (with tonetic notation) in Appendix ii. to this work, and a standardised phonemic transcription '' ii , , of the I.P.A piece, The North Wind and the Sun (with tonetic marks), followed by notes on the phonetic realisation of the phonemic segments, is contained in Appendix i, the tapes themselves being attached to the thesis. The final section - Part Five - also consists of two chapters, of which the first deals with tone-groups and the second contains notes on such para-linguistic features as kinesics and proxemics, vocalisations, articulatory set, phonation types and phonaesthesia. The work concludes with some general remarks to sum up the status of Modern (Israeli) Hebrew as a successfully revived national language. ihroughout this and the preceding two parts, reference is continually made to spectrographic materials connected with the corpus (the photographs of the actual materials being contained in Appendix iii), and to synthesis of ffl.I.H. speech with the aid of the Edinburgh University's Parametric Artificial Talker (PAT), evidence for which is likewise contained in Appendix iii. Footnotes are given on the pages of the text to which they refer, and there is therefore no separate footnote section at the end of the work, which concludes with a Bibliography in two sections, the first of which lists works of a general phonetic and linguistic nature, the second comprising only works referring to Hebrew specifically.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available