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Title: Investigation of a novel multiresonant beam energy harvester and a complex conjugate matching circuit
Author: Qi, Shaofan
ISNI:       0000 0004 2709 2435
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2011
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The aim of the work described in this thesis is firstly to improve the collection of vibration energy for piezoelectric cantilever harvesters, by a mechanical technique, so that the devices can harvest energy over a wider bandwidth. Secondly to investigate a new circuit topology for achieving complex conjugate load matching to the piezoelectric harvester. The thesis has been divided into two parts - the mechanical approach and the electrical approach. For the mechanical approach, a novel multiresonant beam, comprising piezoelectric fiber composites on a clamped-clamped beam and side mounted cantilevers, was proposed. The side cantilevers are tuned by tip masses to be resonant at different frequencies. A Rayleigh-Ritz model was developed to predict the vibration response of the proposed model multiresonant beam. This model showed that the bandwidth of the multiresonant beam was increased over that of a single cantilever harvester. A multiresonant beam for energy harvesting was experimentally tested and compared with a single cantilever energy harvester. The transmissibility and voltage responses were investigated, the beam showed a wide frequency response between 14.5Hz and 31Hz, whereas the single cantilever only showed one resonant frequency. Therefore the multiresonant beam system is feasible for wide band energy harvesting. For the electrical approach, the task was to investigate complex conjugate impedance matching for the piezoelectric energy harvesters, so that the output impedance from the piezoelectric harvester can be reduced, and maximum energy extracted from the device with a possibility of frequency tuning. A new amplified inductor circuit was proposed to enable the capacitive output impedance of the piezoelectric device to be cancelled. Experimental and software simulations are provided to verify the theoretical predictions. A prototype amplified inductor circuit was simulated and tested. The results showed that a variable effective inductance was achieved. However the circuit is lossy due to imperfections within the system, and needs further work to eliminate these imperfections.
Supervisor: Shuttleworth, Roger Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: piezoelectric ; energy harvesting