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Title: Image reconstruction of low conductivity material distribution using magnetic induction tomography
Author: Dekdouk, Bachir
ISNI:       0000 0004 2708 825X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2011
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Magnetic induction tomography (MIT) is a non-invasive, soft field imaging modality that has the potential to map the electrical conductivity (σ) distribution inside an object under investigation. In MIT, a number of exciter and receiver coils are distributed around the periphery of the object. A primary magnetic field is emitted by each exciter, and interacts with the object. This induces eddy currents in the object, which in turn create a secondary field. This latter is coupled to the receiver coils and voltages are induced. An image reconstruction algorithm is then used to infer the conductivity map of the object. In this thesis, the application of MIT for volumetric imaging of objects with low conductivity materials (< 5 Sm-1) and dimensions < 1 m is investigated. In particular, two low conductivity applications are approached: imaging cerebral stroke and imaging the saline water in multiphase flows. In low conductivity applications, the measured signals are small and the spatial sensitivity is critically compromised making the associated inverse problem severely non-linear and ill-posed.The main contribution from this study is to investigate three non-linear optimisation techniques for solving the MIT inverse problem. The first two methods, namely regularised Levenberg Marquardt method and trust region Powell's Dog Leg method, employ damping and trust region strategies respectively. The third method is a modification of the Gauss Newton method and utilises a damping regularisation technique. An optimisation in the convergence and stability of the inverse solution was observed with these methods compared to standard Gauss Newton method. For such non linear treatment, re-evaluation of the forward problem is also required. The forward problem is solved numerically using the impedance method and a weakly coupled field approximation is employed to reduce the computation time and memory requirements. For treating the ill-posedness, different regularisation methods are investigated. Results show that the subspace regularisation technique is suitable for absolute imaging of the stroke in a real head model with synthetic data. Tikhonov based smoothing and edge preserving regularisation methods also produced successful results from simulations of oil/water. However, in a practical setup, still large geometrical and positioning noise causes a major problem and only difference imaging was viable to achieve a reasonable reconstruction.
Supervisor: Peyton, Anthony Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Magnetic induction tomography ; eddy current problem ; nonlinear and ill-posed inverse problems ; finite difference method ; stroke imaging ; multiphase flows imaging