Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Atropisomeric diaryl ethers and other non-biaryl atropisomers
Author: Page, Abigail
ISNI:       0000 0004 2708 7206
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Atropisomerism is a property exhibited by molecules where rotation about one or more bonds is restricted. Along with biaryls, which are widely utilised in asymmetric catalysis, several other classes of compounds display atropisomerism. These molecules have applications in enantioselective synthesis, asymmetric catalysis and have been used to relay stereochemical information. There are, however, a number of challenges associated with their asymmetric synthesis (Chapter 1). This thesis describes research carried out on the synthesis and asymmetric synthesis of atropisomeric diaryl ethers. Chapter 2.1 explains how these ethers are synthesised in multi-gram quantities and to allow the incorporation of large ortho substituents. Having a number of diaryl ethers with suitable substitution patterns to achieve atropisomerism, Chapter 2.2 goes on to report two novel and complimentary biocatalytic approaches to the enantioselective synthesis of diaryl ethers by desymmetrisation. This chapter also describes a possible route towards the synthesis of a diaryl ether based ligand. Chapter 2.3 reports the lateral lithiation of meso diaryl ethers to yield diastereomeric atropisomers stereoselectively. Our attempts to use (-)-sparteine in lateral lithiations to desymmetrise a diaryl ether enantioselectively is also described. We go on to determine the configurational integrity of our organolithiums and the reaction pathway that exists in lithium substitution. Finally, the diastereoselective synthesis of both a diaryl ether (via a stereoselective reduction of a pro-chiral ketone) and a diaryl sulfide (via an addition reaction) is described in chapter 2.4. This chapter also reports the conformational behaviour of a diaryl amide in solution.
Supervisor: Clayden, Jonathan Sponsor: EPSRC ; GSK Case Award
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Atropisomer ; enantioselective synthesis