Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Non-destructive quantification of tissue scaffolds and augmentation implants using X-ray microtomography
Author: Yue, Sheng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2703 5051
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
A three dimensional (3D), interconnected, porous structure is essential for bone tissue engineering scaffolds and skeletal augmentation implants. Current methods of characterising these structures, however, are limited to average properties such as percentage porosity. More accurate quantitative properties, such as pore and interconnect size distributions, are required. Once measured, these parameters need to be correlated to tissue regeneration and integration criteria, including solute transport, blood vessel regeneration, bone ingrowth, and mechanical properties. Ideally, these techniques would work in vitro and in vivo, and hence allow evaluation of osteoconduction and osseointegration after implantation. This thesis will focus on developing and applying algorithms for use with X-ray microtomography (micro-CT or μCT) which can non-destructively image internal structure at the micron scale. The technique will be demonstrated on two separate materials: bioactive glass scaffolds and titanium (Ti) augmentation devices. Using the developed techniques, the structural and compositional evolutions of bioactive glass scaffolds in a simulated body fluid (SBF) flow environment were quantified using micro-CT scans taken at different dissolution stages. Results show that 70S30C bioactive scaffolds retain favourable 3D structures during a 28 d dissolution experiment, with a modal equivalent pore diameter of 682 μm staying unchanged, and a modal equivalent interconnect diameter decreasing from 252 μm to 209 μm. The techniques were then applied to porous Ti augmentation scaffolds. These scaffolds, produced by selective laser melting have very different pore networks with graded randomness and unit size. They present new challenges when applying the developed micro-CT quantification techniques. Using a further adapted methodology, the interconnecting pore sizes, strut thickness, and surface roughness were measured. This demonstrated the robustness of the methodologies and their applicability to a range of tissue scaffolds and augmentation devices.
Supervisor: Jones, Julian ; Lee, Peter Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral