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Title: An evaluation of the impact of Just in Time (JIT) strategies on cut, make and trim (CMT) customers and suppliers within the apparel supply chain
Author: Partington, Robert Stewart
ISNI:       0000 0004 2702 159X
Awarding Body: University of Salford
Current Institution: University of Salford
Date of Award: 2011
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The thesis evaluates the impact of just-in-time (JIT) strategies on retailers and cut make and trim (CMT) manufacturers within the apparel supply chain. A simulation approach is adopted based on a case study within the apparel sector, involving a major high street retailer and a manufacturing supply chain. A range of procurement strategies are subsequently modelled (including manufacturing resource planning [MRPII], safety stock [SS]. ship to forecast [STF] and JIT) within manufacturers of differing scale, and varying levels of dependence on primary customers (major high street retail chains) and impact on the variation of demand against forecast are evaluated against a wide range of parameters; these include: net margin, delivery, manufacturing profit and impact on a manufacturing company's ability to satisfy its secondary customers (smaller retail outlets with less buying power). Analytical methods are used to evaluate performance measures within three perspectives: Primary and Secondary customers, and Suppliers (manufacturers). A further perspective is evaluated combining all three views. Findings indicate that JIT retail strategies, notably where power of the retailer is high and the power of the manufacturer is low (compared to the raw material supplier), necessitate inventory holding and biased work scheduling at a supply level, leading to reduced manufacturing margin and loss of secondary customers; the latter imposes hidden costs in attracting new custom, which is not evaluated in this thesis. The thesis concludes by comparing the variation of parameters across each of the four perspectives, and proposes recommendations for conventional JIT policy, based upon optimising benefits for all parties within the supply chain.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available