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Title: Early breast cancer sharing the decision : a critical appraisal
Author: Maslin, Anna
ISNI:       0000 0004 2706 8662
Awarding Body: Northumbria University
Current Institution: Northumbria University
Date of Award: 2000
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Great debate surrounds the issue of patients with breast cancer participating in surgical/medical decision making and their ability to give an informed consent. Health care professionals must balance the need to safeguard the rights of patients, respect their autonomy and yet be sensitive to the changes and individual variations a patient may demonstrate as they progress from diagnosis to the end point of their disease. The premise underpinning the study and literature review, reflected in the published works presented here, focuses on a woman's right to access, should she choose, accurate information to make an informed treatment choice based on an exploration of the literature which reviews the ethical issues including autonomy, informed consent, advocacy, communication, access to information, approaches to shared decision making, psychiatric morbidity and evidence based medicine. Objectives of the Study Reflected in the Published Work Presented Here: 1. To determine the acceptability of an interactive video system, in addition to the standard informational care and support provided by the clinicians and clinical nurse specialist, as a means of providing information about the risks and benefits of treatment choices-surgery and subsequent adjuvent chemotherapy - to women with early breast cancer who are facing choices about treating their early breast cancer. 2. To determine whether providing information to women with early breast cancer using an interactive system significantly reduces anxiety and depression associated with the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. 3. To determine whether providing information using an interactive video system, to women about treatment choices significantly increases patient satisfaction with the choice they have made. To assess this for a two year period patients attending for surgical treatment for early breast cancer were recruited, after full discussion and written consent, into a randomised control trial to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the interactive video system. Eligible patients (100)included all women with an early primary invasive breast cancer who had a genuine choice between treatment options.. Patients excluded from recruitment and viewing the Interactive Video (IVD)/Shared Decision - Making Programme (SDP) were all women who did not have a straightforward choice. All patients in the intervention group completed the following: a. Acceptability of the Interactive Video; b. Assessment of Health Status, The SF36 (Ware and Sherbourne 1992) c. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale (Zigmond & Snaith 1983) After nine months the patients were again asked to complete the three questionnaires but at this point Questionnaire 1. elicits the patient's satisfaction with their treatment choice.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: B700 Nursing