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Title: Beyond anti-hegemonism to security regime : China's perspectives, institutions and engagement in the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
Author: Cha, Chang Hoon
ISNI:       0000 0001 3525 7357
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2002
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This research analyzes China's socialization in the international Arms Control and Disarmament (ACD) field. Constructing the theoretical framework of "dynamic interaction between state and institution" in order to reconcile the "problem of agend and structure" debated in IR, the research identified the formative effects on China during the last two decades in general and in the post-CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) period in particular, which engaged China in the international ACD institutions and regimes. The socialization effects on China are recognized at the three levels: China's norm internalization (perspective), institutionalization (domestic institutions) and comprehensive participation in the international ACD regimes and institutions. The evidence based on documentary works and a few interviews suggests that the engagement in international institutions is promoting a Chinese nexus in these institutions, creating new Chinese interests and socializing China into building consensus to resolving international ACD issues. The evolution and differentiation of Chinese perspectives on ACD issues resulted into the view that stresses China's role and responsibility within the regimes. The "new security concept" based on mutual security and restructuring of domestic ACD institutions in the late 1990s were the products of the socialization that "dynamic interaction" fostered. During the CTBT talks, China showed the norm-complying and establishing attitude. China also committed to the nuclear test ban norm by sustaining the nuclear test moratorium since 1996. The socialization process led China to more comprehensive and constructive participation in the international ACD institutions and regimes as China joined the Zangger Committee and supported the FMCT (Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty) after its accession to the CTBT. As constructivists argue that state can reshape structure by process. China reconstituted its interests and identities throughout the interaction with the international ACD institutions. China's more proactive role within ACD institutions and regimes will give it more constitutive socialization influence, but the role is basically entrenched in "state enhancement functionalism."
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: JZ International relations