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Title: The behaviour of modern flexible framed structures undergoing differential settlement
Author: Smit, Gerrit
ISNI:       0000 0004 2705 4906
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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Modern office buildings are often open plan buildings with a frame consisting of flat RC slabs, RC columns and non-load bearing internal and external partitions and facades. These modern framed structures are more flexible than older conventional buildings with load bearing walls and are less susceptible to differential settlement damage. The use of conventional guidelines for differential settlement on modern flexible framed structures may therefore be over-conservative. The literature review of the study highlights the factors producing differential settlement, the types of damage caused by differential settlement and conventional guidelines for limiting differential settlement damage. Conventional guidelines focusing on 2D structures lack provision for the 3D deformation of a structure. To determine the behaviour of a modern flexible framed structure a numerical experiment was performed, which consisted of the design according to British Standards and Eurocodes of a 3D, 5-bay by 5-bay, 6 storey flat slab RC frame with pad foundations on clay. The behaviour of the designed structure undergoing differential settlement was then analysed by means of linear-elastic finite element analyses. The results show firstly that it is possible to normalise structural behaviour to the soilstructure stiffness ratio, secondly the importance of 3D deformation of the structure and thirdly that stiffer load-displacement responses of foundations may also affect the behaviour of the structure. A stiffer load-displacement response may occur with the reuse of foundations
Supervisor: Clayton, Christopher Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TH Building construction