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Title: Security sector reform and the confusion and competition nexus : the case of Kosovo
Author: Cleland Welch, Anthony
ISNI:       0000 0004 2703 6679
Awarding Body: University of Portsmouth
Current Institution: University of Portsmouth
Date of Award: 2011
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This work examines security sector reform (SSR) in post-conflict states. It proposes that intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) are significantly impeded in their pursuit of coherent and effective SSR programmes by internal and external rivalry and contradictory agendas. These difficulties occur at both systemic and actor levels. Current institutional theory has little to say on the role of confusion, rivalry and competition in shaping IGO behaviour when operating in the security sector. As SSR is a crucial but challenging component of peacebuilding it is essential to identify the sources of these influences, explain their impact, and suggest ways by which impediments to SSR outcomes may be mitigated. Using the 2006 Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR) as a case study, the thesis analyses how inter- and intra-IGO relationships affect SSR. It explores the lack of a clear definition of SSR and the dispute over its scope and application. It then evaluates relationships between international and local actors and the efficacy of SSR monitoring methods. The thesis reveals that confusion, competition and rivalry are common in a SSR programme. By diverting attention from the objectives of SSR, inter-and intra-organisational and inter-personal enmities are key factors in undermining security reform initiatives. Dispute over the practical application of local ownership of SSR and how programme effectiveness is measured serve also to dilute the impact of SSR. The thesis provides policy recommendations intended to reduce the effects of inter-and intra-organisational rivalry and competition. It proposes greater inclusion of the private sector and academic institutions in the planning and execution of SSR. It suggests areas where academics and practitioners might direct their efforts to improve SSR planning, employment and evaluation thereby producing a more effective approach to future security sector reform activities.
Supervisor: Callan, Theresa Ellen-Marie ; Flenley, Paul Stephen ; Kaiser, Wolfram Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History