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Title: A novel bio-inspired insertion method for application to next generation percutaneous surgical tools
Author: Parittotokkaporn, Tassanai
ISNI:       0000 0004 2702 6382
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
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The use of minimally invasive techniques can dramatically improve patient outcome from neurosurgery, with less risk, faster recovery, and better cost effectiveness when compared to conventional surgical intervention. To achieve this, innovative surgical techniques and new surgical instruments have been developed. Nevertheless, the simplest and most common interventional technique for brain surgery is needle insertion for either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. The work presented in this thesis shows a new approach to needle insertion into soft tissue, focussing on soft tissue-needle interaction by exploiting microtextured topography and the unique mechanism of a reciprocating motion inspired by the ovipositor of certain parasitic wasps. This thesis starts by developing a brain-like phantom which I was shown to have mechanical properties similar to those of neurological tissue during needle insertion. Secondly, a proof-of-concept of the bio-inspired insertion method was undertaken. Based on this finding, the novel method of a multi-part probe able to penetrate a soft substrate by reciprocal motion of each segment is derived. The advantages of the new insertion method were investigated and compared with a conventional needle insertion in terms of needle-tissue interaction. The soft tissue deformation and damage were also measured by exploiting the method of particle image velocimetry. Finally, the thesis proposes the possible clinical application of a biologically-inspired surface topography for deep brain electrode implantation. As an adjunct to this work, the reciprocal insertion method described here fuelled the research into a novel flexible soft tissue probe for percutaneous intervention, which is able to steer along curvilinear trajectories within a compliant medium. Aspects of this multi-disciplinary research effort on steerable robotic surgery are presented, followed by a discussion of the implications of these findings within the context of future work.
Supervisor: Rodriguez y Baena, Ferdinando ; Degenaar, Patrick Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral