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Title: Neo-Zapatismo : networks of power and war
Author: Leyva-Solano, Xochitl
ISNI:       0000 0004 2702 3878
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2001
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Many authors have used the term neo-Zapatismo. For virtually all of them, neo-Zapatismo is limited to the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) and to one essential idea, the "revival" of Zapatismo. "Revival" implies innovation and transformation, but it does not make it clear that the EZLN is at the heart of a wider current that reaches beyond it and, in tum, transforms it. This thesis analyses civil neo-Zapatismo through its many networks. Civil neo-Zapatismo includes a wide variety of Zapatista sympathisers, "NGO" activists, militants from indigenous and campesino organisations, members of the urban middle classes and popular, altemative and marginalised sectors of society. At different moments and in different ways, these neo-Zapatistas supported the Zapatista political demands, and some of them also entered into strategic alliances with the EZLN. Taking into account their values and norms as well as their forms of organisation, six kinds of neoZapatista networks have been identified: agrarista, democratic-electoral, indianistaautonomist, "women's rights", altemative revolutionary and intemationalist networks. Their members took part in wider political debates which they transformed through their opposition to official discourses. In this thesis, I explore in detail the inter-subjective dimensions of social and political relations as well as the "moral grammars" that underpin the Struggle for Recognition that I found to be characteristic of neo-Zapatismo. Neo-Zapatistas link the recent past of "The Repression" with present-day "Paramilitarisation" through their "collective memories of grievances". The "low intensity warfare" waged in Chiapas after the Zapatista uprising became a key concept that helped to reinforce neo-Zapatista "transnational advocacy networks". This term was taken up and popularised by some "NGOs" and became a crucial factor to influence both national and international opinion and policy-making. Finally, I demonstrate that "the conflict in Chiapas" has become part of a new global model for the exercise of power and war through networks
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available