Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Phase differential surface plasmon imaging
Author: Stewart, Ciaran
ISNI:       0000 0004 2702 0407
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2010
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) has been utilised in various forms in sensors for many years. It is usually based on angular or wavelength interrogation of the reflectivity minimum found with Transverse Magnetic (TM) light. However, as the SPR is traversed there is also a very rapid change in the phase of the reflected TM light there being no such change in the Transverse Electric (TE) light. Presented in the thesis a new SPR sensor has been developed that exploits this rapid change in optical phase. Linearly polarised light of mixed TM/TE polarisation is passed through a polarization modulator, which adds a small amplitude modulation to the polarisation. This modulated light is incident on a gold film 40 nm thick evaporated onto the base of a SF2 prism in the Kretschmann-Raether, configuration. The coupling of the TM polarised light to the SPR is dependant on the properties of the dielectric medium adjacent to the gold film. The SPR shifts when this sensed medium undergoes a change in refractive index (or index or thickness if it is a bound analyte layer). This in turn causes a change in the reflected elliptically polarised light. The change of the resultant modulated polarisation dither is interrogated through the use of a phase sensitive detectors. Initially a simple photo diode coupled with a lock-in amplifier was used to monitor the modulated signal. This was expanded into an imaging technique by using two cameras (64 by 64 pixels) fabricated with the equivalent of a lock-in amplifier on each of the 4096 pixels. The spatial map of the modulation amplitude gives an optical phase differential image. By imaging in this way it is possible to produce a multi channel differential sensor
Supervisor: Sambles, J. Roy Sponsor: RCUK
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available