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Title: Morphology, structure and electronic properties of CdTe surfaces studied by scanning tunneling microscopy
Author: Egan, Christopher Kieran
ISNI:       0000 0004 2703 3929
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2011
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A scanning tunneling microscope has been used to study the surface properties of CdTe crystals. Coupled with scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) and atomic force microscopy, the surface morphology, structure and electronic properties of CdTe and CdZnTe surfaces have been studied. We have systematically investigated the three low index surface planes of the cubic crystal, that is the {100}, {110} and {111} surface planes. In addition, wet chemically treated surfaces were also examined. Clean surfaces were prepared in ultra-high vacuum conditions using argon ion sputtering and annealing. For each surface we imaged and recorded the surface reconstructions and morphologies. For the (100) surface, a mixed c(2x2)+(2x1) surface phase was found, where steps on the surface were found to preferentially align along <100> directions. For the (110) surface, tunneling spectroscopy was used to investigate the surface electronic structure of the (1x1) reconstruction. Using theoretical calculations of the tunneling current, we were able to match theory to experiment and discern the various vacuum tunneling processes for both n-type and semi-insulating material. For the (111) surface, a (2x2) reconstruction consisting of a cadmium vacancy structure was found. For the (-1-1-1) surface, a very disordered c(8x4) reconstruction was observed, consisting of a complicated tellurium terminated chain structure. For both faces, a large amount of faceting was observed to occur with the facets formed by {311} planes. Finally, wet chemically treated surfaces, important for the construction of many semiconductor devices, were investigated. Here the change in surface morphology for a variety of different common surface preparation methods was observed and, using STS, various surface electronic states were identified.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available