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Title: Credit risk models for mortgage loan loss given default
Author: Leow, Mindy
ISNI:       0000 0004 2703 4649
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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Arguably, the credit risk models reported in the literature for the retail lending sector have so far been less developed than those for the corporate sector, mainly due to the lack of publicly available data. Having been given access to a dataset on defaulted mortgages kindly provided by a major UK bank, this work first investigates the Loss Given Default (LGD) of mortgage loans with the development of two separate component models, the Probability of Repossession (given default) Model and the Haircut (given repossession) Model. They are then combined into an expected loss percentage. Performance-wise, this two-stage LGD model is shown to do better than a single-stage LGD model (which directly models LGD from loan and collateral characteristics), as it achieves a better Rsquare value, and it more accurately matches the distribution of observed LGD. We next investigate the possibility of including macroeconomic variables into either or both component models to improve LGD prediction. Indicators relating to net lending, gross domestic product, national default rates and interest rates are considered and the interest rate is found to be most beneficial to both component models. Finally, we develop a competing risk survival analysis model to predict the time taken for a defaulted mortgage loan to reach some outcome (i.e. repossession or non-repossession). This allows for a more accurate prediction of (discounted) loss as these periods could vary from months to years depending on the health of the economy. Besides loan- or collateral-related characteristics, we incorporate a time-dependent macroeconomic variable based on the house price index (HPI) to investigate its impact on repossession risk. We find that observations of different loan-to-value ratios at default and different security type are affected differently by the economy. This model is then used for stress test purposes by applying a Monte Carlo simulation, and by varying the HPI forecast, to get different loss distributions for different economic outlooks.
Supervisor: Mues, Christophe ; Thomas, Lyn C. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HD61 Risk Management ; HG Finance