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Title: Investigating cybercrime profiling and trends analysis
Author: Al-Nemrat, Ameer
ISNI:       0000 0004 2701 3477
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2010
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The Internet can be considered a double-edged sword because while offering a range of benefits, it provides criminals with the opportunity to extend their work to areas and places previously unimaginable. Therefore, all countries face the same challenges on how to fight cybercrime and how to effectively promote security to their citizens and organisations. In Jordan, cybercafes have become "culturally acceptable alternatives" and a haven for individuals wanting to engage in some form of deviant behaviour away from the prying eyes of society. The aim of this research is to examine the online behaviours of individuals living in two different cyberspaces (English and Non-English). The literature currently available has no such conducted research. Therefore, this research has attempted to address this significant gap in the research by examining the relationship between online behaviour and computer victimisation in two countries; the UK as an example of an English cyberspace in a developed country, and Jordan as a Non-English cyberspace in a developing country. This thesis, in addition, draws attention to the growIng numbers of cybercrime victims, and the techniques used by cyber criminals to victimise them. Understanding the trends of cybercrime and the strategies employed by cyber criminals in order to commit cybercrime will help us to identify the steps that needs be taken to prevent such criminal activities. This study investigates individuals who do or do not take precautions to guard themselves against cybercrime, and examines how their perception of law influences their actions towards incidents of cybercrime. In this study, 'guardianship' refers to actions or procedures that individuals take to ensure that any given computer is secure before they go online, and is linked to the awareness of risks associated with the use of the Internet that an individual may have. Environmental crime theories are popular because of their success in solving traditional crime; Life-style Routine Activity Theory (LRA T) is a good example of these traditional crime theories. The particular interest of this thesis is how to benefit from these crime theories in the fight against cybercrime victimisation. This study has assessed a new theoretical model derived from LRA T. This new conceptual model expands upon digital capable guardianship elements by adding the element of "Awareness", using statistical evidence to demonstrate its key significance in bringing about online harmony alongside the three pre-existing elements (Formal Social Control, Informal Social Control, and Target Hardening). The conceptual model and theoretical basis of this research suggests that it is not only computer-related Formal Social Control (FSC) aspects which can have an impact upon an individual's perception of online activities, but also posits that an individual's awareness can influence their online behaviours. The results of this research allows us to determine the effectiveness of both FSC and "Awareness" on the behaviours of individuals within the overall efforts of a society to fight cybercrime victimisation. This is an extension to the existing literature which typically focuses on technical perspectives to ensure computer security.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available