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Title: The Turkish ICT sector and the European information society : innovation for integration?
Author: Kurt, Aygen Sibel
ISNI:       0000 0004 2700 6760
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis explores the extent to which Turkish companies in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector are integrated within an innovation system and investigates the features of the Turkish ICT sector on the route to Turkey's integration into the European Information Society (IS) project. The research is grounded in the co-evolving theories of the innovation systems approach and the information society, with a particular focus on the network society paradigm. The analytical framework is based on three intersection points between network society and innovation systems theory: technology/innovation as a significant element of how ICTs contribute to economic growth and integration at European level; networks as the enablers of coordinated activity in innovation processes linking actors and systems of innovation, e. g. firms, government, research institutes, regulatory frameworks, the Turkish state and the EU; and the policy, dimension focusing on the role of national/supranational actors for enhancing innovation and networking. At European level, the notion of information society and its technologies has one of the largest priorities in the European Community's research and policy agendas. The European IS strategy has promoted innovation in ICTs to foster technological development and economic benefits in alignment with societal needs. This approach was declared in the Bangemann Report of the European Council in 1994 and was reinforced by the Lisbon Goal, with the objective for Europe to `become the most dynamic knowledge economy in 2010'. In this picture, as an accession country to the EU, although Turkey's IS policy formulations are affected by those of the EU, the country's ICT producers and their role in the evolution of the IS have been poorly understood, and their role in Turkish- EU integration has been under-investigated. Empirical field research done in Turkey is complemented by additional primary and secondary (statistical and documentary) data. Following the systems of innovation approach, the main unit of analysis is the firm, with the aim of understanding how ICT firms conceive their roles in innovation processes and whether and how innovation in ICTs could catalyse the integration process for Turkey into the European IS. The main research findings indicate that Turkey should focus on improving its innovation system at national level with a focus on IS policy as an essential component of this system, and make it work efficiently in all sectors by placing high priority on the key enabling sector: ICT. The results point out the need for national collaboration schemes through which firms learn to innovate together and to network with their European counterparts. The research emphasises the different IS policy-making processes at European and Turkish levels, and the policy mismatches that could be overcome by integrative networks between technology producers and researchers in Europe and within Turkey and by a well-coordinated national IS policy in place in Turkey.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available