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Title: Compassion fatigue : interpreters and clinicians in trauma work
Author: Salihovic, Asko
ISNI:       0000 0004 2699 4306
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2008
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This sequential mixed design study aimed to: examine the rates of compassion fatigue (CF), compassion satisfaction, and burnout, identify best predictors of CF, and explore participants' personal experiences, understanding and ways of coping with this phenomenon. 46 interpreters, health advocates and therapists working with trauma survivors participated in the quantitative sequence, four of which were randomly selected for subsequent semi-structured interviews. CF was measured by Compassion Satisfaction/Fatigue Self-Test for Helpers (Stamm 1995-1998), empathy was measured by Hogan Empathy Scale (HOS-R) (Greifand Hogan 1973), exposure was quantified as trauma work hours per week, and perceived social support measure was designed for the purpose of this study. It was hypothesised that empathy would be a significant predictor of compassion fatigue, and that there may be differences in the predictive value of the analysed variables between clinicians and interpreters. In the stepwise multiple regression for interpreters, perceived social support (F\i,n = 6.96, p < 0.05) explained 29% of variance in compassion fatigue, exposure (Fjjt = 6.47, p < 0.05) explained additional 20%, while empathy was excluded from the analysis. In clinicians, empathy explained 49% of variance in compassion fatigue (Fi,25 = 24.27, p < 0.001), while exposure and perceived social support were found not to be significant predictors. Therefore, greater susceptibility to compassion fatigue was associated with greater empathic ability only for clinicians. For interpreters, social support, followed by exposure, was the best predictor of compassion fatigue. The second phase of the study added a qualitative dimension to the investigation. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore experiences, perceptions, and understanding of compassion fatigue, coping and compassion satisfaction in four randomly selected participants from the same sample. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) revealed a number of core and master themes, some of which have complemented the quantitative findings. The study was discussed in the light of the relevant literature and critically evaluated in terms of its limitations, implications and the scope for further research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Coun.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available