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Title: 'Caught in the crossfire' : NGOs, between states, donors and grassroots communities : a socio-political analysis based upon case studies of two British NGOs development programmes in Pakistan
Author: Khalid, Naeem
ISNI:       0000 0004 2699 1092
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2006
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This dissertation aims to enhance our critical appreciation of the complexities of social change and the NGO phenomenon in the development process. The international development sector is a multi-actor arena within which NGOs interact with donors, states and grassroots communities. The growth of the NGO is studied through a socio-political analysis of British NGO projects in rural Pakistan. The relationships between macro and micro level actors are examined to reveal hierarchical structures of power which perpetuate inequalities and poverty. This analysis examines the development landscape and the roles of different actors from a post-structuralist perspective. With the application of Foucauldian notions of power/knowledge and dipositif (apparatus), the dominant development discourse is critiqued with particular focus on the neo-liberal reinterpretation of the participatory paradigm. It is argued through qualitative research findings that the autonomy of mainstream NGOs is compromised, at the cost of organic relationships with the vernacular. This investigation also provides an historical account of events which later contributed towards the 11 th September 2001. It questions the extent to which the power struggles between the Pakistani state and NGOs during the mid 1990s and the international aid system contributed towards the funding of political elements with network links to the Taleban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available