Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: A detailed composite textile meso-level finite element failure modelling technique
Author: Young, Charles
ISNI:       0000 0004 2702 538X
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The specific contribution of this thesis is to present a detailed FE modelling approach to simulate the stiffness behaviour 3D fibre reinforced composites and facilitate progression to failure using commercially available software and existing computational capabilities. The composite constituents including the fibre, interface and resin regions are modelled with Tetrahedral, Pyramid and Hexahedral finite elements respectively. An analysis detailing the how geometric details such as inter tow spacing contribute to a models predictive performance is formed with increasing resin thicknesses reducing the elastic modulus. It is demonstrated that an elliptical tow shape is preferable for modelling 2D woven composites such as the plain weave and a racetrack tow shape is preferable for modelling 3D woven composites, with a 10% error between predicted and manufactured modulus values. The implications of modelling on the micro level are established, with the tow sub division into filaments shown to reduce model stiffness. Further geometrical considerations along with numerical factors such as the trade off between reducing the element number and increasing the accuracy of the geometry representation are also detailed. A large catalogue of 3D fibre reinforced composite structures exists but their behaviour under in-plane loading conditions is not fully understood. As the manufacturing technology associated with production of 3D woven structures becomes more sophisticated, the types of 3D reinforcing architectures that can be produced will increase. The need therefore exists for the capability to predict the mechanical performance of fibre reinforced composite materials.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available