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Title: Complex medical event detection using temporal constraint reasoning
Author: Gao, Feng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2700 5530
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2010
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The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a hospital ward specializing in looking after premature and ill newborn babies. Working in such a busy and complex environment is not easy and sophisticated equipment is used to help the daily work of the medical staff . Computers are used to analyse the large amount of monitored data and extract hidden information, e.g. to detect interesting events. Unfortunately, one group of important events lacks features that are recognizable by computers. This group includes the actions taken by the medical sta , for example two actions related to the respiratory system: inserting an endotracheal tube into a baby’s trachea (ET Intubating) or sucking out the tube (ET Suctioning). These events are very important building blocks for other computer applications aimed at helping the sta . In this research, a strategy for detecting these medical actions based on contextual knowledge is proposed. This contextual knowledge specifies what other events normally occur with each target event and how they are temporally related to each other. The idea behind this strategy is that all medical actions are taken for di erent purposes hence may have di erent procedures (contextual knowledge) for performing them. This contextual knowledge is modelled using a point based framework with special attention given to various types of uncertainty. Event detection consists in searching for consistent matching between a model based on the contextual knowledge and the observed event instances - a Temporal Constraint Satisfaction Problem (TCSP). The strategy is evaluated by detecting ET Intubating and ET Suctioning events, using a specially collected NICU monitoring dataset. The results of this evaluation are encouraging and show that the strategy is capable of detecting complex events in an NICU.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Pattern recognition systems ; Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted ; Medical Informatics Applications ; Data Interpretation, Statistical ; Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted