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Title: Fast field-cycling magnetism transfer contrast magnetic resonance imaging (FFC MTC MRI)
Author: Choi, Chang-Hoon
ISNI:       0000 0004 2700 4925
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2010
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Magnetisation Transfer Contrast (MTC) is a well-established magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast-generating mechanism, and is widely used for clarifying MR-invisible macromolecular information indirectly via MR-detectable free protons using an offresonance pre-saturation radiofrequency (RF) pulse (or MT pulse). As a result of MT pulse irradiation, magnetisation between both proton pools is exchanged and the signal intensity of mobile protons is decreased in relation to the amount of macromolecules. MTC MRI is normally implemented at a fixed magnetic field; however, it may be useful to evaluate changes of the MT effect as a function of magnetic field (B0). In order to explore fielddependent MTC experiments using a single MR instrument, two techniques are required, which enable simultaneously shifting both B0 and the resonance frequency of an RF coil (f0) during MT pulse irradiation and returning them to the original condition during MR data acquisition. Switching of B0 is achieved by fast field-cycling (FFC). FFC is a novel technique allowing B0 to shift between levels rapidly during the pulse sequence. This makes it possible to perform a number of beneficial field-dependent studies and/or to provide new MR contrast mechanisms. Switching of f0 requires an actively frequencyswitchable RF coil. This coil was designed and constructed for frequencies at and below 2.5 MHz proton Larmor frequency. The design employed PIN diodes, and enabled switching f0 between five different values. Using these techniques and tools, fielddependent MTC experiments were carried out with a control sample and samples with different concentrations of agarose gel. Due to the absence of macromolecules in the control, the MT effect was almost zero, whereas the MT effect observed in agarose samples increased with increasing concentration of macromolecules. Furthermore, MT effects ((for a given set of MT pulse conditions) were larger at higher B0.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging