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Title: The influence of inorganic chemical accelerators and corrosion inhibitors on the mineralogy of hydrated Portland Cement Systems
Author: Balonis, Magdalena
ISNI:       0000 0004 2700 4837
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2010
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The thermodynamic properties of chloride, nitrate and nitrite AFm hydrates have been determined. Investigations of solid solutions and thermodynamic calculations on the influence of these anions on mineralogical changes in cement paste were performed and compared with experiments. To calculate volume changes, densities of principal crystalline phases occurring in cement were critically assessed and tabulated, in some cases with addition of new data. Database was obtained by calculating densities from crystallographic data and unit cell contents. In hydrated cements, anion sites in AFm phase are potentially occupied by OH, SO4 and CO3 ions. C1, NO3 or NO2 ions readily displace hydroxide, sulfate and carbonate in the AFm structures. Nitrates and nitrites do not have ability to displace chloride from the Friedel’s salt (C1-AFm) though. The binding power of AFm for nitrite/nitrate/chloride was calculated and confirmed experimentally at 25°C. It was observed that presence of chloride, nitrate or nitrite alters the AFm/Aft balance and thereby affect the specific volume of paste solids. It was found that the success of nitrite as a corrosion inhibitor for protection of embedded steel arises from its “smart” behaviour. AFm normally stores and sequesters nitrite. If chloride ingress occurs in service, the AFm undergoes ion exchange, gaining chloride and forming Friedel’s salt, while releasing soluble nitrite ions to the pore fluid. As a result, the aqueous ratio of [NO2-]/[C1-] increases and remains within the passivation range for steel.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Portland cement ; Corrosion and anti-corrosives ; Thermodynamics