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Title: Object coding of music using expressive MIDI
Author: Welburn, Stephen J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2697 4305
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2011
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Structured audio uses a high level representation of a signal to produce audio output. When it was rst introduced in 1998, creating a structured audio representation from an audio signal was beyond the state-of-the-art. Inspired by object coding and structured audio, we present a system to reproduce audio using Expressive MIDI, high-level parameters being used to represent pitch expression from an audio signal. This allows a low bit-rate MIDI sketch of the original audio to be produced. We examine optimisation techniques which may be suitable for inferring Expressive MIDI parameters from estimated pitch trajectories, considering the e ect of data codings on the di culty of optimisation. We look at some less common Gray codes and examine their e ect on algorithm performance on standard test problems. We build an expressive MIDI system, estimating parameters from audio and synthesising output from those parameters. When the parameter estimation succeeds, we nd that the system produces note pitch trajectories which match source audio to within 10 pitch cents. We consider the quality of the system in terms of both parameter estimation and the nal output, nding that improvements to core components { audio segmentation and pitch estimation, both active research elds { would produce a better system. We examine the current state-of-the-art in pitch estimation, and nd that some estimators produce high precision estimates but are prone to harmonic errors, whilst other estimators produce fewer harmonic errors but are less precise. Inspired by this, we produce a novel pitch estimator combining the output of existing estimators.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Electronic Engineering ; Computer Science