Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Multimodal multispectral optical endoscopic imaging for biomedical applications
Author: Koh, Kevin Rongsheng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2695 1998
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Optical imaging is an emerging field of clinical diagnostics that can address the growing medical need for early cancer detection and diagnosis. Various human cancers are amenable to better prognosis and patient survival if found and treated during early disease onset. Besides providing wide-field, macroscopic diagnostic information similar to existing clinical imaging techniques, optical imaging modalities have the added advantage of microscopic, high resolution cellular-level imaging from in vivo tissues in real time. This comprehensive imaging approach to cancer detection and the possibility of performing an ‘optical biopsy’ without tissue removal has led to growing interest in the field with numerous techniques under investigation. Three optical techniques are discussed in this thesis, namely multispectral fluorescence imaging (MFI), hyperspectral reflectance imaging (HRI) and fluorescence confocal endomicroscopy (FCE). MFI and HRI are novel endoscopic imaging-based extensions of single point detection techniques, such as laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. This results in the acquisition of spectral data in an intuitive imaging format that allows for quantitative evaluation of tissue disease states. We demonstrate MFI and HRI on fluorophores, tissue phantoms and ex vivo tissues and present the results as an RGB colour image for more intuitive assessment. This follows dimensionality reduction of the acquired spectral data with a fixed-reference isomap diagnostic algorithm to extract only the most meaningful data parameters. FCE is a probe-based point imaging technique offering confocal detection in vivo with almost histology-grade images. We perform FCE imaging on chemotherapy-treated in vitro human ovarian cancer cells, ex vivo human cancer tissues and photosensitiser-treated in vivo murine tumours to show the enhanced detection capabilities of the technique. Finally, the three modalities are applied in combination to demonstrate an optical viewfinder approach as a possible minimally-invasive imaging method for early cancer detection and diagnosis.
Supervisor: Elson, Dan ; Yang, Guang-Zhong Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral