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Title: Integrated quantum photonics
Author: Politi, Alberto
ISNI:       0000 0004 2698 5215
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2010
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Until recently, quantum photonic architecture comprised of large-scale (bulk) optical elements, leading to severe limitations in miniaturization, scalability and stability. The development of the first integrated quantum optical circuitry removes this bottleneck and allows realization of quantum optical schemes whose greatly increased capacity for circuit complexity is crucial to the progress of experimental quantum information science and the development of practical quantum technologies. Integrated quantum photonic circuits within Silica-on-Silicon waveguide chips were simulated, designed and tested. Hundreds of devices have been fabricated with the core components found to be robust and highly repeatable. Amongst these demonstrations, all the basic components required for quantum information applications are shown. The first integrated quantum metrology experiments are demonstrated by beating the standard quantum limit with two- and four-photon entangled states while providing the first re-configurable integrated quantum circuit capable of adaptively controlling levels of non-classical interference of photons. The tested integrated devices show no limitations to obtain high quality performances. It is reported near-unity visibility of two-photon non-classical interference and a Controlled-NOT gate that could in principle work in the fault tolerant regime. It is demonstrated the realization of a compiled version of Shors quantum factoring algorithm on an integrated waveguide chip. This demonstration serves as an illustration to the importance of using integrated optics for quantum optical experimentsThe first integrated optical circuits fabricated in the laser direct-write technology are reported in this Thesis. The quality quantum effects, together with a rapid turnaround process and the capability of writing complex 3D structures are promising for future quantum optical networks. The advent of integrated quantum photonics is necessary for the progression of quantum information science. The results reported in this Thesis provides fundamental building blocks from which future quantum devices will be constructed and presents high-fidelity quantum optics platforms for fundamental investigation
Supervisor: O'Brien, Jeremy ; Rarity, John Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available