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Title: Italian Fascism and the British-Italian community, 1928-43; experience and memory
Author: Wright, R.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2691 9672
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2005
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Between ] 922-] 940 the Italian government sought to win over to Fascism the Ital ian communities abroad. These communities, it was hoped, would playa part in extending the influence of Italy under the Fascist regime, and were to be used as a tool for the expansion of the Fascist ideal. Through the establishment and use offasci abroad and the development of Italian schools, youth groups and centres of community activity, the Ital ian government sought to "fascistize" the Italian colonies, and to persuade the already patriotic community institutions that Fascism and ltalianita were synonymous. Through the use of a range of documents, and particularly through the testimony of 130 witnesses from three different Italian communities, Manchester, Glasgow and London, this thesis analyses the impact of the approaches of the Italian government on the Italian community in Britain. This thesis explores the experience of Fascism for British-Italians and examines the basis and extent of their response to it. Through a study of membership patterns of the fascia and the youth movements; through an assessment of community participation in fascia activities, and through an assessment of the interviewees memories of their own and their parents' responses to, and memories of, Fascism, this thesis will demonstrate the limits of the success of the Italian government in securing the allegiance of Italians in Britain. It will demonstrate that despite the apparent success of the fascia in securing hegemonic control of virtually all the community institutions (certainly in London and Glasgow), and in securing the participation of large sections of the community to events and organisations under its auspices, a great proportion of the British-Italian community was untouched and unconvinced by the rhetoric of Fascism. Furthermore, it will demonstrate that amongst those who came to a support of Fascism, in sentiment or membership, this support. amongst the great majority, was limited and conditional.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available