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Title: Generation of uncorrelated photon-pairs in optical fibres
Author: Cohen, Offir
ISNI:       0000 0004 2695 8401
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2010
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Light, which is composed of discrete quanta, or photons, is one of the most fundamental concepts in physics. Being an elementary entity, the behaviour of photons is governed by the rules of quantum mechanics. The ability to create, manipulate and measure quantum states of light is not only useful in foundational tests of quantum theory, but also in a wide range of quantum technologies – which aim to utilize non-classical properties of quantum systems to perform tasks not possible with classical resources. Only recently has it been possible to control the properties of number states of light, which have a fixed photon-number. Two-photon states are central to testing fundamental physical theories (such as locality and reality) and the implementation of quantum information technologies. The versatility of photon-pair states is en- abled by the potential entanglement properties it can posses. Thus controlling the correlations between photons is crucial to both pure and applied physics. To produce a single photon, a photon-pair state can be used. Detection of one photon indicates its twin’s existence. Many applications, such as optical quantum computation, require pure indistinguishable single photons. Heralding single pho- tons from a photon-pair will, in general, produce single photons in a mixed quantum state due to correlations within the pair. A common approach to creating photon-pairs is through the nonlinear sponta- neous four-wave mixing interaction in optical fibres. This thesis presents a theoreti- cal and experimental implementation of a scheme to tailor the spectral correlations within the pairs. Emphasis is placed on engineering the two-photon state such that they are completely uncorrelated. Spatial entanglement is naturally avoided due to the discrete nature of the optical fibre modes. Spectral correlations are eliminated by careful choice of dispersion characteristics and conditions. The purity of the photons generated by this scheme is demonstrated by means of two-photon inter- ference from independent sources. We measure a purity of (85.9 ± 1.6)% with no spectral filtering, exhibiting the usefulness of this source for quantum technologies and applications.
Supervisor: Walmsley, I. A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Atomic and laser physics ; quantum optics ; spontaneous four wave mixing ; photon pair ; biphoton ; entanglement ; photon