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Title: Workflow-based systematic design of high throughput genome annotation
Author: Wu, Xikun
ISNI:       0000 0001 2438 5863
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2009
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The genus Eimeria belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa, which includes many obligate intra-cellular protozoan parasites of man and livestock. E. tenella is one of seven species that infect the domestic chicken and cause the intestinal disease coccidiosis which is economy important for poultry industry. E. tenella is highly pathogenic and is often used as a model species for the Eimeria biology studies. In this PhD thesis, a comprehensive annotation system named as \WAGA" (Workflow-based Automatically Genome Annotation) was built and applied to the E. tenella genome. InforSense KDE, and its BioSense plug-in (products of the InforSense Company), were the core softwares used to build the workflows. Workflows were made by integrating individual bioinformatics tools into a single platform. Each workflow was designed to provide a standalone service for a particular task. Three major workflows were developed based on the genomic resources currently available for E. tenella. These were of ESTs-based gene construction, HMM-based gene prediction and protein-based annotation. Finally, a combining workflow was built to sit above the individual ones to generate a set of automatic annotations using all of the available information. The overall system and its three major components were deployed as web servers that are fully tuneable and reusable for end users. WAGA does not require users to have programming skills or knowledge of the underlying algorithms or mechanisms of its low level components. E. tenella was the target genome here and all the results obtained were displayed by GBrowse. A sample of the results is selected for experimental validation. For evaluation purpose, WAGA was also applied to another Apicomplexa parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of human malaria, which has been extensively annotated. The results obtained were compared with gene predictions of PHAT, a gene finder designed for and used in the P. falciparum genome project.
Supervisor: Guo, Yike ; Tomley, Fiona Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral