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Title: Understanding the relationship between anxiety, cognitive processing, and school attendance : a developmental perspective
Author: Newman, Rebecca Clare
ISNI:       0000 0004 2696 7615
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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School absenteeism can have serious implications for the individual. Young people who display school refusal behaviour (child-motivated absence that is often underpinned by anxiety) present an ongoing challenge to professionals. Previous research has found an association between anxiety, cognition, and absenteeism. The current study extends this research by exploring the relationship from a developmental perspective. 36 young people (aged 7–16 years) with school attendance ≤93%, their parents/carers (n=31), and teachers (n=18) participated in the study. They completed a number of self-report measures to assess symptoms of anxiety; behavioural difficulties; and the young person‟s motivation for refusing school. In addition, young people completed an emotional Stroop task to assess attentional bias associated with separation and social anxiety. Bivariate correlations revealed association between attendance and a number of behavioural symptoms, highlighting certain developmental trends. Hierarchical Regression Analysis provided evidence that cognition mediates the relationship between behaviour (anxiety and behavioural difficulties) and school attendance. Directions for future research and implications for clinical and educational practice are discussed.
Supervisor: Hadwin, Julie Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology ; HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform ; LB Theory and practice of education